Regulation of Dietary
A dietary supplement is
defined as a product taken by mouth containing a dietary ingredient intended to
supplement the diet. Dietary ingredients include vitamins, minerals, herbs or
other botanicals, and amino acids. In 1994, Congress passed the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act (DSHEA), an
important piece of legislation which provided a regulatory framework for
assuring the safety of dietary supplements. DSHEA granted the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) authority to establish regulations regarding dietary
supplement manufacturing, regulating health claims and labeling of dietary
supplements, and creating governmental bodies to encourage research on
supplements (Office of Dietary Supplements) and dietary supplement label
claims (Commission on Dietary Supplement Labels).
supplements are regulated products. Dietary supplement marketing,
manufacturing, labeling, and advertising are all covered by regulations
enforced by FDA and the Federal Trade Commission.